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DEAF PEOPLE IN MAINSTREAM SCHOOLS

From past to present, people all need to live together no matter who they are, they may be a criminal, thief, killer or good person. Because human beings are social creatures, people cannot be separated from social environment. That is why, people with disabilities such as deafness, blindness, mental retardation, etc. should not be separated from social life. They should attend every part of life as normal people do.

Governments and non-governmental organizations (NGO) should provide the appropriate surrounding for disabled people to include them social life. One of the big problems about this issue is the education of people with disabilities. In this essay, I am going to write about why deaf people should be in mainstream education after getting special education in young ages.

Firstly, we should know what deafness and special education are. Deafness is В«Hearing impairment or hard of hearing or deafness refers to conditions in which individuals are fully or partially unable to detect or perceive at least some frequencies of sound which can typically be heard by members of their speciesВ» (Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia). Special education is В«The education of students with special education in a way that addresses the students individual differences and needs» (Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia).

Deafness may accrue at birth or may accrue later, accidentally in life. If one’s deafness occur at birth, s/he should learn sign language because probably s/he will not able to speak. So s/he needs special education to learn sign language and lip-reading to communicate with people and to adapt for the community.

Therefore, deaf children should be placed into special education classes so that they get the same level of education as their classmates, but in a way, every deaf children can understand. Obviously, a student who cannot hear or has difficulty in hearing is not going to be able to learn anything in a mainstream school classroom. However, a student who starts special education classes at childhood can be educated with hearing aids to help him/her in the learning process and/or can be taught to lip read so that s/he can start his/her education in a normal classroom with their peers.

Children with disability of deafness are not being separated by placement in a special education class, but are actually having their own personal needs addressed. Deaf children in young age join a special education class, they will learn to adopt and function in normal society. The purpose of special education classes for the students with deafness is to teach them important things that are needed to behave in normal society and mainstream schools.

Many deaf children are actually quite clever and have capability of great achievements, but they need to be communicated to through sign language till they are comfortable enough with lip-reading to be able to communicate with other students and teachers.

After attending special education classes, deaf students should be in mainstream classrooms. No reason to place them in separate classrooms, they can understand and learn what is taught by teacher and communicate with their classmates, that is the main purpose of special education classes for deaf students at young age. If they are separated from mainstream schools, they may not adapt real life. Therefore, keeping them in special education classrooms and treating them like abnormal people, they will be felt excluded from the society.

Moreover, they will be burden on their families’ shoulder. On the other hand, deaf students in the mainstream schools will grow up confidently, realize the difficulties of the life and stand on their foot. They can have a job, get married, have children like normal people. Then they will not be called disability people.

Deafness is not a small deal and a great number of people suffer from deafness in the world. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimation: В«The estimated demographic figure has ranged from 22 million deaf and hard of hearing to as high as 36 million deaf and hard of hearing. Of these, only a few million are considered В«deaf» and the remainder are hard of hearing» (World Health Organization report 2002).

Even NGO and governments spend great deal to include the people with disability of deafness to the society, and they are supported by sports activities like; basketball, swimming, running, and almost every kind of sport activities designed for disability people to keep them in society. International organizations like; European Union (EU) also, emphasizes that people who suffer from deafness and others with disabilities should not be separated from mainstream education and society.

In conclusion, people all need to be together because of temperamental characteristics. A person cannot be separated from society and mainstream due to his/her disability. Deaf people exist in society and they cannot be ignored. Disability does not mean inability, people with deaf can get over all the problems with the support of their neighborhood and as long as they are in society.

At this point, big responsibilities fall to governments and non-governmental organizations. NGOs and governments have to use their resources to keep deaf people and other people with disability in the mainstream schools and provide social environment with sport activities and social organizations. We are all human beings and we should behave as if we were in their shoes to understand the people with deafness.

References:

Deafness. (n. d.). In wikipedia Free Encyclopædia online. Retrieved from

Special education. (n. d.). In wikipedia Free Encyclopædia online. Retrieved from

Stinson, M., & Liu, Y., Saur, R., Long, G. (1996). Journal of deaf studies and deaf education. Oxford Journals, volume 16 Issue 1 Winter 2011. Ankara.

Westwood, P. (1987). Title of work: COMMONSENSE METHODS FOR CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS. New York, NY: Taylor&Francis Group.

World Health Organization. (2004). Guidelines for hearing aids and services for developing countries. Retrieved from


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